New research discovers way to eliminate needles for dental anaesthetic and other stories. In case you missed it TGBSL #28

New research discovers way to eliminate needles for dental anesthetic

A new study from the University of São Paulo found that there might be no need for needles when administering anesthetic for dental procedures.

Continues HERE

Bioengineered tooth restoration in a large mammal

Researchers at Okayama University report in Scientific Reports successful tooth regeneration in a postnatal large-animal model. The approach used involves the autologous transplantation of bioengineered tooth germ into a canine jawbone; the in vivo artificially created tooth has the structure, composition and physiological characteristics of a natural tooth.

More HERE

New study identifies successful method to reduce dental implant failure

According to the American Academy of Implant Dentistry (AAID), 15 million Americans have crown or bridge replacements and three million have dental implants – with this latter number rising by 500,000 a year. The AAID estimates that the value of the American and European market for dental implants will rise to $4.2 billion by 2022.

Dental implants are a successful form of treatment for patients, yet according to a study published in 2005, five to 10 per cent of all dental implants fail.

Continues HERE

To Prevent Rheumatoid Arthritis, Look Past the Joints to the Gums. In Case You Missed It- TGBSL#27

An explanation of TGBSL

To Prevent Rheumatoid Arthritis, Look Past the Joints to the Gums

The mouth may seem like a strange place to search for a culprit in a disease that primarily affects the joints. But a recent collaboration by a group of multidisciplinary researchers suggests that one type of oral bacteria may be an important trigger in about half of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) cases. Continues

Some Neanderthals were vegetarians who used natural forms of penicillin and aspirin as medicine

‘Apparently, Neandertals possessed a good knowledge of medicinal plants … the use of antibiotics would be very surprising, as this is more than 40,000 years before we developed penicillin’ Continues & here

Root canal treatments overhauled through new device to detect untreated bacteria

A new method of detecting bacteria during root canal treatments could eradicate the need for follow up appointments and prevent treatments from failing, according to a study published in the Journal of Dental Research. The SafeRoot device, created by a team of researchers at King’s College London, enables rapid bacterial detection inside the root canal, ensuring the procedure has been successful and reducing the need for tooth extraction or surgical intervention. Continues.

Tooth loss linked to an increased risk of dementia

In a study of 1566 community-dwelling Japanese elderly who were followed for 5 years, the risk of developing dementia was elevated in individuals with fewer remaining teeth. Continues

Can oestrogen therapy lead to healthier teeth and gums?

A new study finds links between estrogen therapy and reducing tooth and gum diseases in postmenopausal women. Estrogen therapy is known to help women manage a variety of menopause-related issues: improving bone density and heart health and reducing hot flashes, to name a few. As such, many women choose to take hormones to treat the numerous symptoms associated with menopause. Continues

Review confirms link between drug use and poor dental health

A new review published online in the scientific journal Addiction has found that dental patients with substance use disorders have more tooth decay and periodontal disease than the general population, but are less likely to receive dental care. With drug use increasing by approximately three million new users each year, this is a problem that won’t disappear anytime soon. Continues

There’s a completely legal reason this American dentist has an office full of human heads. In case you missed. TGBSL #26

Research

TGBSL explained here

There’s a completely legal reason this American dentist has an office full of human heads

Jordan Sparks found cryonics while sifting through the Portland State University library as a student in the early 1990s. He was fascinated. He stayed fascinated through dental school, and as a practicing dentist, and while building a dental management software whose success has given him the freedom these days to pursue the dream of a deep-frozen future full time. Continues

More dental news:

1 Periodontitis may be an early sign of type 2 diabetes More.

2 Tailored preventive oral health intervention improves dental health among elderly

A tailored preventive oral health intervention significantly improved the cleanliness of teeth and dentures among elderly home care clients. In addition, functional ability and cognitive function were strongly associated with better oral hygiene, according to a new study from the University of Eastern Finland. The study is part of a larger intervention study, NutOrMed, and the findings were published in the Age and Aging journal. More.

3 Study finds that certain type of children respond better to laughing gas

New research has determined that “focused, mindful children” respond better to nitrous oxide.  More.

4 Estrogen therapy shown effective in reducing tooth and gum diseases in postmenopausal women

Estrogen therapy has already been credited with helping women manage an array of menopause-related issues, including reducing hot flashes, improving heart health and bone density, and maintaining levels of sexual satisfaction. Now a new study suggests that the same estrogen therapy used to treat osteoporosis can actually lead to healthier teeth and gums. The study outcomes are being published online in Menopause, the journal of The North American Menopause Society.  More.

In case you missed TGBSL #25

Research

“TGBSL” explained here

1) Dental implant with slow-release drug reservoir reduces infection risk

Scientists have developed a dental implant containing a reservoir for the slow release of drugs. Laboratory tests in which the reservoir slowly released a strong antimicrobial agent showed that the new implant can prevent and eliminate bacterial biofilms – a major cause of infection associated with dental implants.

Continues here

2) Chewing your food could protect against infection

Researchers have found that chewing food prompts the release of an immune cell that can protect against infection.

Continues here

3) Fluoride Rinse and Varnish Equally Effective

Fluoride varnish and fluoride mouthwash appear equally effective in a head-to-head trial and in a review of the literature. The finding shows that practitioners have options in finding the best way to deliver the caries-fighting mineral to patients at high risk for the condition. Although the efficacy of fluoride is well established, much remains unknown about the relative merits of various application methods.

Continues here

In case you missed…TGBSL #23

Research

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1. New definition of oral health announced;

“Oral health is multifaceted and includes the ability to speak, smile, smell, taste, touch, chew, swallow, and convey a range of emotions through facial expressions with confidence and without pain, discomfort, and disease of the craniofacial complex,” reads the definition.

More here.

2. Dental implants with antibacterial activity and designed to facilitate integration into the bone.

Mouth infections are currently regarded as the main reason why dental implants fail. A piece of research by the UPV/EHU has succeeded in developing coatings capable of preventing potential bacterial infection and should it arise, eliminate it as well as providing implants with osseointegrating properties, in other words, ones that facilitate anchoring to the bone.

More here.

3. New research suggests e-cigarettes could be harmful to gums

E-CIGARETTES COULD DAMAGE gums and teeth, according to a significant recent study on the effects of vaping on oral health.

Full story here

4. Researchers add to evidence that common bacterial cause of gum disease may drive rheumatoid arthritis

Investigators at Johns Hopkins report they have new evidence that a bacterium known to cause chronic inflammatory gum infections also triggers the inflammatory “autoimmune” response characteristic of chronic, joint-destroying rheumatoid arthritis (RA). The new findings have important implications for prevention and treatment of RA, say the researchers.

Full story here

Sense! There are good reasons not to give up on flossing, despite what you’ve read in the news.

From Quartz

O-8ZYr-duI39SgthlrtsIm1fbdErkyr67Q4sV4retnAhRZsGTxI_qqYX1hExRdFO0-y4=s151The world woke to the smell of burning floss last week, as thunderous applause met news reports that there was, after all, no evidence for dentists recommending flossing. A lot of people, it seems, hate to floss. Some would rather clean a toilet.

But don’t throw out all those spools of waxed dental tape just yet.

It’s true that in response to an investigation by the Associated Press (AP) the US government “acknowledged the effectiveness of flossing had never been researched.” It’s also true that the latest US government-issued Dietary Guidelines for Americans published in June did not include advice to floss every day—a staple of dental advice all over the world and, according to AP, a standard recommendation since 1979.

What isn’t true is that science has proven flossing is bad, or that it does nothing for the health of your teeth and gums. According to the rumor-debunking website Snopes, what’s been missed by the mass media is the underlying problem: evaluating the impact of flossing on health is nearly impossible, and that means the government can’t in good conscience recommend it—even if almost all dental health experts believe flossing works.

Dentists have seen it with their own eyes: people who floss have healthier gums, because it helps get rid of gunk and bacterial build-ups that could cause problems later. Buts right now all we have is the anecdotal evidence of experience and not proper scientific proof. At least not to the extent required by the Institutional Review Boards that makes the decisions around official government-issued health advice.

Government health recommendations have to be based on scientific evidence, and the studies that supply such evidence have to meet the rules of the Board. Primarily, the Board requires successful clinical trials comparing one group of people given a treatment—in this case, flossing—with another “control” group who are given nothing. You then see if the treatment really does have an effect on what you’re studying—in this case, gum health.

But to properly evaluate flossing, you’d need a group of people to not floss for a pretty long time, possibly several years. That’s not really ethical nor is it particularly scientifically sound since there’s no way to control for dozens of other variables that could compromise the results. For instance, if you are telling a group not to floss, they might feel compelled to brush for longer to keep better oral hygiene.

There’s another problem. Trials aren’t conducted with Big Brother-style 24/7 surveillance, they’re done through check ups and surveys. But people are known to lie about their flossing habits. Scientists have to trust what the study participants tell them, and have no idea how often or to what extent people really are or are not flossing.

It’s no surprise then, that the scientific evidence for flossing has been found wanting. A thorough 2011 Cochrane review concluded that, while they couldn’t say there was evidence to support flossing that met proper scientific standards, “flossing is an effective adjunct to toothbrushing, as the important benefits outweigh any potential harms.”

It’s true, there is no evidence from clinical trials that proves flossing works. But just because the US government can’t in good conscience recommend it in official guidelines, that doesn’t mean flossing is useless.

In case you missed….TGBSL #22

Effectiveness of SDF in arresting root caries in different fluoridated areas

Conclusion: Based on the 18-month result, the researchers concluded that the annual application of 38% SDF solution can arrest root caries in community-dwelling elders. Furthermore, background water fluoride level does not have a statistically significant influence on the effectiveness of SDF. This clinical trial is still ongoing and longer-term results will be reported later.

Full article click here

Research - monitor screen

Researchers investigate prevalence of gingivitis during 1st/2nd trimesters of pregnancy

Conclusion: Clinical examination of 600+ pregnant women showed moderate-to-severe gingivitis to be common, well-established and relatively stable in the late first and second trimester, and regular dental care prior to and during pregnancy may be critical to maintaining oral health.

Full article click here

For the background to TGBSL series take a look here